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Owner Operator Truck Insurance: What You Need to Know

Updated: Jan 17


Owner Operator Truck Insurance

As an owner-operator, you have a lot on your plate. You're responsible for maintaining your truck, finding loads to haul, and keeping up with the regulations that govern the trucking industry. But one of the most important things you must do is protect yourself and your business with the right insurance coverage. This article will explore owner-operator truck insurance and what you need to know to make informed decisions about your coverage.

What is Owner Operator Truck Insurance?

Owner-operator truck insurance is commercial auto insurance designed for independent truck drivers who own and operate their vehicles. This coverage protects your truck and business in an accident, theft, or other covered events.

Types of Owner-Operator Truck Insurance

Depending on your needs and budget, several types of owner-operator truck insurance exist. These include:

Liability insurance is the most basic type of owner-operator truck insurance, and it's required by law in most states. It is commonly referred to as primary liability. This coverage protects you if you're at fault in an accident and someone is injured, or their property is damaged. When operating under your own authority and traveling for hire across state lines, you must maintain a minimum of $750,000 combined single limit per the requirements of the FMCSA.

Physical damage insurance covers the cost of repairing or replacing your truck if it's damaged in an accident, stolen or vandalized. This coverage is typically optional unless you have a loan on your truck. Still, it's a good idea to have it to keep your investment protected.

Cargo insurance provides coverage for the freight you're hauling in the event of loss or damage. Shippers or brokers often require this coverage before hiring you to transport their goods. Depending on the type of freight, the standard limit is $100,000. This limit could be higher if you haul higher-valued freight like cars or oversized commodities.

Non-trucking liability insurance provides coverage for your truck when you're using it for personal use or when you're not under dispatch and not hauling freight. This coverage is typically required by lease agreements with motor carriers.

Occupational accident insurance covers medical expenses and lost wages if you're injured while operating your commercial vehicle as an independent contractor. This type of coverage can be essential for owner-operators who don't have traditional workers' compensation insurance.


When selecting owner-operator truck insurance, it's essential to carefully consider your business's unique needs and risks and choose the right combination of coverage to protect yourself and your business. Remember to shop around, compare quotes, and ask questions to ensure you get the best coverage at the most affordable price.


What Affects Owner-Operator Truck Insurance Cost

Several factors can affect the cost of your owner-operator truck insurance, including:

Driving Record

Your driving record is one of the most important factors insurance companies consider when setting your rates. If you have a clean driving record, you'll typically pay lower premiums than someone with a history of accidents or violations.

Type of Cargo

The type of cargo you're hauling can also affect your insurance rates. Hazardous materials and high-value goods are typically more expensive to insure than other types of cargo, like general dry freight.

Age and Condition of Your Semi Truck

The age and condition of your truck can also affect your rates. Newer trucks with safety features like collision avoidance systems and anti-lock brakes may qualify for discounts. In comparison, older trucks may cost more to insure.

Coverage Limits

The amount of coverage you choose can also affect your rates. Higher coverage limits will cost more but can provide greater protection in a severe accident.

Loss History

When reviewing your information for a quote, truck insurance companies will usually look at your loss or claims history. Your loss history from the last 3-5 years is evaluated before each renewal. Having a negative claims history can cause your premium to increase. Likewise, a good record with infrequent or no insurance claims can help you find a more competitive quote for your next policy. If you are a new trucking company, you will have no loss history to provide. Those looking for truck insurance for new authorities may see higher premiums to start because there is no loss history to review. This can change once you have a few years of good loss history.

How to Find the Best Owner-Operator Truck Insurance

Choosing the right owner-operator truck insurance can be a daunting task, but there are a few things you can do to make the process easier:

Research Your Options

Take the time to research different insurance providers and compare their rates and coverage options. Look for commercial truck insurance providers with experience working with owner-operators. At Thomas Wilson Group, we have 20 years of experience working with owner-operators and have multiple truck insurance companies we work with to find you the best truck insurance quotes.

Assess Your Needs

Consider your business's unique needs and risks when choosing your insurance coverage. Think about the type of cargo you're hauling, the distance you're traveling, and the regulations that may apply to your business.

Get Multiple Quotes

Don't settle for the first insurance quote you receive. Shop around and get quotes from several providers to ensure you get the best coverage at the most affordable price. When you work with Thomas Wilson Group, we work with multiple insurance companies to get at least three truck insurance quotes.

Ask Questions

Be bold, ask questions, and seek clarification on any aspects of your coverage you need help understanding. A reputable insurance provider should be willing to answer your questions and provide you with the information you need to make an informed decision.

Benefits of Owner-Operator Truck Insurance

Having the right owner-operator truck insurance can provide several benefits, including:

Protection for Your Business

Trucking can be a risky business, and accidents and other unexpected events can have serious financial consequences. With the right insurance coverage, you can protect your business from the costs associated with these events.

Compliance with Regulations

Many state and federal regulations require commercial truck drivers to carry specific insurance coverage. By having the right insurance, you can ensure that you comply with these regulations and avoid fines or penalties.

Peace of Mind

Knowing that you have the right insurance coverage can give you peace of mind and allow you to focus on your business without worrying about the risks and uncertainties of being an owner-operator.


As an owner-operator, insurance coverage is essential to protect yourself and your business. By knowing the different types of owner-operator truck insurance available, the factors affecting your rates, and how to choose the right coverage for your needs, you can make informed decisions and ensure you're adequately protected. We at Thomas Wilson Group understand the needs of trucking companies. We can help you find the best truck insurance quotes for owner-operators. Feel free to give us a call and ask questions to see how we can help you find the best coverage for your business.


Frequently Asked Questions


  • Do I need to have owner-operator truck insurance?

    • Yes, suppose you're an independent truck driver who owns and operates your own vehicle. In that case, you must have the right insurance coverage to protect yourself and your business.

  • What types of owner-operator truck insurance do I need?

    • The types of insurance coverage you need will depend on your business's unique needs and risks. Consider liability insurance, physical damage insurance, cargo insurance, bobtail insurance, and non-trucking liability insurance.

  • How can I reduce the cost of my owner-operator truck insurance?

    • You can reduce the cost of your insurance by keeping a clean driving record, choosing a higher deductible, or finding discounts for safety features or bundled coverage.

  • How do I choose the right insurance provider for my owner-operator truck insurance?

    • Research different insurance providers, assess your needs, get multiple quotes, and ask questions to ensure you get the best coverage at the most affordable price.

  • What are the benefits of having owner-operator truck insurance?

    • The right insurance coverage can protect your business, ensure compliance with regulations, and give you peace of mind as an owner-operator.

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